What Else You Must Know About Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Sexually transmitted diseases, commonly known as STDs, are diseases that can be transmitted through sexual interactions with persons already infected with it. These diseases are also known as sexually transmitted infections (STI) or venereal diseases (VD). STDs are also known to spread by means of child birth and breastfeeding. Although many diseases such as the common cold or influenza can spread through sex, they are not called a sexually transmitted disease because sex is not the main vector of these diseases.

Well known for the past 100 years, STDs are a major challenge to present day health care. Because of its infectious nature, persons infected with sexually transmitted diseases are growing everyday in number. This geometric growth of infected persons has persuaded the government of different countries into taking necessary actions such as growing social consciousness.

There are a large number of known STDs and they all are different in nature. These diseases are the effect of various type of germ infections, namely bacterial, viral, fungal etc. Even there are parasites and protozoa STDs. While most of the STDs are treatable and curable, some are not. Of the later group, HIV (Human Immuno Virus) or AIDS is a big example. Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia are some of the bacterial STDs, while HIV, Herpes, Hepatitis A, E and C are viral.

Symptoms of STDs can not be listed as the term STD refers to a group of diseases. Every such disease has its own symptom. But it often occurs that a person infected with a sexually transmitted disease is unaware of it. A person may never feel sick or may never show any symptom towards a sexually transmitted disease and may still be infected.

Sometimes the case may also be that a person who may have an STD is too reluctant to admit it. It is so unfortunate because not only those persons are hard to detect, they make it easier for another person to get infected.

While treatment of an STD depends on the particular disease and may or may not be an easy job to do, prevention of these diseases is easier. Sexually transmitted diseases can be prevented by as simply as practising safe-sex, meaning that one should always use a condom if unsure of his/her partner’s sexual history.

Today governments and NGOs of many poorly developed countries are trying hard to make condom use popular, while in developed countries like the USA, various posters and advertisements are being used to put an end to this dangerous spread of an STD by increasing awareness. Introducing sex education in school syllabus may be another way to act against these diseases.